dioscorea villosa vs dioscorea opposita

1.12.2020 at 19:10

Both herbs aid in the treatment of moisture disorders, and the idea of being able to "separate dampness from heat" and the "clean part from the turbid part" may help us understand their properties and functions. Dioscorea cayenensis, ... Dioscorea villosa, Smilax, Convolvulus arvensis. The flowers of Chinese yam are cinnamon-scented. (#11614), tubers of Dioscorea quaternata Walter (#11616), Dioscorea spp. [29], Sometimes the grated yam is used as an additive for making the skin of the manjū confection, in which case the product is called jōyo manjū (薯蕷饅頭) 'yam manjū'. One of the well-known formulations with tokoro is the Tokoro Combination (Bixie Fenqing Yin), which is comprised of equal parts tokoro, alpinia, acorus, and lindera (4). Zhidai means to stop the discharge; dai refers most specifically to a "thready" discharge and is the term often used for leukorrhea, but coagulated blood, as discharged during menstruation, will also produce the condition called dai. All three are sometimes called bitter yam. More Accounts and Images; Flora of North America (DIOSC) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DIOSC) Kemper Center for Home Gardening (DIOSC) Antioxidant activity of Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in older humans. Antonyms for Dioscorea opposita. It was introduced in Europe in the 19 th century when the potato crop was affected by disease. It is listed as an invasive species and is included as such in the "Global Invasive Species Database, by the USDA Forest service." Since Asian people prefer it a lot, it is still grown in France and sold to the Asia market. Bixie is particularly used for treating cloudy urine or a large amount of leukorrhea due to dampness accumulation in the lower burner. 150 species. Dioscorea opposita, Thunb., nom. Dioscorea opposita Thunb. Tubers of Dioscorea cayennensis Lam. The other commonly used variety of Dioscorea is commonly called tokoro, the Chinese name is bixie (the characters for this name are unique for the plant). Although its effect in tonifying the spleen qi is not so strong as that of atractylodes [baizhu], it can tonify either the qi or the yin, so it is especially suitable for treating deficiency of both qi and yin in the middle burner. Iridoid Complex is a modern formulation developed at ITM for the purpose of enhancing the action of other prescribed formulations, especially those that contain the combination of rehmannia, cornus, and dioscorea (shanyao). as a synonym of D. [2][5][11] The name D. opposita is now an accepted synonym of D. This is accomplished with dioscorea as spleen/kidney tonic, boosted by codonopsis and atractylodes for the spleen and dipsacus and fennel for warming the kidney. While rehmannia and cornus are the most frequently used herb formula ingredients with iridoids, other Chinese herbs also contain them as active ingredients, mainly gardenia and plantago seed. Dioscorea opposita synonyms, Dioscorea opposita pronunciation, Dioscorea opposita translation, English dictionary definition of Dioscorea opposita. A Prairie Moon • January 29 Hi K, it does die back completely each winter. vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. The sedative action of the herb is due to alkaloids (lotus has sedative action due to alkaloids as well). Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Chinese yam: Dioscorea polystachya, Invasive Plant Atlas: [[email protected]] PLEASE do not plant this vine! (# 9462, 9166, 11612), Dioscorea rotundata Poir. Dioscorea villosa [1] är en enhjärtbladig växtart som beskrevs av Carl von Linné. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6. [29], The tororo [ja] is the mucilaginous purée made by grating varieties the Chinese yam (nagaimo, ichōimo, tsukuneimo)[17] or the native Japanese yam. The main active constituents in rehmannia and cornus are iridoid glycosides (see typical structure, below) which have numerous potential benefits, including reducing liver inflammation, lowering blood sugar, protecting the retina, and alleviating menopausal conditions, such as hot flashes and osteoporosis. ), allergies, pre-existing diseases, and current health conditions (e.g. View abstract. The suggested method of using Iridoid Complex is to have patients take 1 tablet three times daily (or 2 tablets twice daily) along with another therapy, such as a kidney tonic formula, in order to greatly increase the amount of the key ingredients and better assure effectiveness of the treatment. Noun 1. Removal of potassium from tuberous root vegetables by leaching. Alternatively, the peeled tubers are cut into pieces and served - either raw, after cooking, steaming or frying, along with seasoning sauces. Dioscorea Villosa (Wild Yam) Root Extract is an extract of the roots of Dioscorea villosa, also called Mexidan Yam. [26][27] This may cause a slight irritation to the hand, and wearing a latex glove is advised, but if an itch develops then lemon juice or vinegar may be applied.[27][25]. Thanks! One of the main proteins, called dioscorin, is being investigated for potential health benefits, including antioxidant activity. Descirptors and Data Quality Control Criterion for Dioscorea Opposita Thunb(Chinese Edition) by HUANG DONG YI . It is in flower from September to October. [12], The botanical names Dioscorea opposita and Dioscorea oppositifolia have been consistently misapplied to Chinese yam. The health benefits of Dioscorea are many including benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, cramps and intermittent claudication, cholecystitis, dysmenorrhoea, ovarian and uterine pain. [17], First the skin needs to be removed by peeling (or by scraping off using a hard-bristled brush). Dioscorea sativa Thunb. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山药), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family. La dioscorea villosa es una planta trepadora originaria de los Estados Unidos, también conocido como ñame silvestre. Related Links. Ze dragen kleine groepen naar kaneel geurende, witte bloemen in de oksels. (Ver artículo: Madroño) Esta planta llega a medir entre 5 y 30 m de largo, y dependiendo de los ejemplares esta se va a ramificar, sus tallos como lo indica su nombre tiene la capacidad de entrelazarse alrededor de las cercas adyacentes y en la vegetación, subiendo tanto e dirección hacia arriba como hacia abajo. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). These images can help to accurately identify the plant during different seasons of the year. Araghiniknam M, Chung S, Nelson-White T, and et al. In Korea it is called ma (hangul: 마), "sanu (山芋, 산우)", seoyeo (薯蕷, 서여), or sanyak (山藥, 산약) and in Sri Lanka in Sinhala it is called wal ala (වැල් අල). Dioscorea pulchella Roxb. Noun 1. Methods: The activity of the yam was investigated by the uterine weight gain of mice and a proliferation assay of breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 cell); the estrogenic activity was comprehensively evaluated by a serum pharmacology experiment. In Vietnam, the yam is called củ mài or khoai mài. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Aumsuwan P, Khan SI, Khan IA, et al. [22] Huáishān has also been used in traditional Chinese medicine. What are synonyms for Dioscorea opposita? In clinical practice, this herb is often used for chronic nephritis. illeg. Burrowes, J. D. and Ramer, N. J. ex Griseb. [2] Furthermore, neither D. oppositifolia nor the prior D. opposita have been found growing in North America and have no historical range in China or East Asia, this grouping is native only to the subcontinent of India and should not be confused with Dioscorea polystachya. A detailed look at the life cycle of Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa). raw, steamed or deep-fried. It was introduced in Europe in the 19 th century when the potato crop was affected by disease. The pharmacology of diosgenin and the other steroidal compounds from dioscorea have not been investigated to a great extent (a small amount of investigation was done over 20 years ago); however, the effects may overlap those of many similar compounds found in herbal medicines, especially Chinese herbs (see: Platycodon and other Chinese herbs with triterpene glycosides). Huai Qing Fu (怀庆俯) region). By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita (= Dioscorea batatas), for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). It is from the rhizome of Dioscorea hypoglauca or plants with similar tubers, such D. tokoro and D. septemloba. Legal Status. Dioscorea opposita (nagaimo, Chinese yam, Korean yam) is a name commonly used for two plants correctly known as Dioscorea polystachya and Dioscorea oppositifolia.This page is about D. polystachya, a type of yam that can be eaten raw.. Dioscorea opposita, Thunb., nom. Hamilton. Although not mentioned in the description here by Yang, bixie is also used in the treatment of wind-damp syndrome, especially for rheumatoid arthritis. twining vine native to the central southeastern US and found less frequently in the Appalachian region No need to register, buy now! It is mainly used in cases of arthralgia affecting the lower back and legs. Shanyao is used extensively in formulas for tonifying the kidney, often combined with rehmannia and cornus for that purpose. Related Links. thwaitesii Prain & Burkill Dioscorea oppositifolia is a type of yam ( Dioscorea ) native to Myanmar ( Burma ) and to the Indian Subcontinent ( India , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh ). The largest may weigh 10 pounds and grow one meter underground. Antioxidant activity of Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in older humans. Dioscorea sylvestris De Wild. Dioscorea polystachya: leaves with 3- to 5-lobed blades, with bulbils in the axils, and usually opposite in the distal portion of the stem, and plants tuberous (vs. D. villosa, with leaves with unlobed blades, lacking bulbils in the axils, and alternate in the distal portion of the stem, and plants with rhizomes). 'long yam'; kanji: 長芋). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. thwaitesii Prain & Burkill Dioscorea oppositifolia is a type of yam ( Dioscorea ) native to Myanmar ( Burma ) and to the Indian Subcontinent ( India , Sri Lanka , Bangladesh ). [3][2], It is a perennial climbing vine, native to China and East Asia. Iridoid Complex is a combination of concentrated herb extracts rich in iridoids with the addition of two herbs that have other types of active constituents: dioscorea and nuphar. (# 9463, 9167), Dioscorea opposita Thunb. In the Ilocano of the northern Philippines it is called tuge. The tonification of the spleen and kidney help to keep the blood within the vessels, aid the circulation of blood in the uterus, and get rid of excess damp; the astringent herbs reduce both blood and fluid discharges; the herbs for clearing heat help prevent the blood from escaping the vessels and reduce infections. Summary. More Accounts and Images; Flora of North America (DIOSC) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DIOSC) Kemper Center for Home Gardening (DIOSC) Verschilt van de anderen door een langere en spoelvormige, zwarte wortel van 60-90cm lang. Dioscorea tunga. $22.95 $ 22. Aumsuwan P, Khan SI, Khan IA, et al. It is in flower from September to October. Qianjin Zhidai Wan is a well-known product used in China to tonify and warm the kidney and spleen while clearing heat and restraining leakage. Dioscorea oppositifolia Campbell. [30] The classic Japanese culinary technique is to grate the yam by grinding it against the rough grooved surface of a suribachi, which is an earthenware mortar. From shop FloraNFaunaFarm. Wild yam ( Dioscorea villosa) Wild yam is a perennial plant, with tuberous roots, which grow feral in North America, near lakes, swamps, humid forests and hillsides. J Ren Nutr 2006;16(4):304-311. Dioscorea villosa is one of the species of yam referred to as ‘wild yam’.. Dioscorea villosa has been claimed to alleviate symptoms of menopause, but there is currently no evidence to support this effect.. The plant is not self-fertile. )", Understanding the germination of bulbils from an ecological perspective: a case study on Chinese yam (, Go Botany, New England Wildflower Society, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Chinese yam, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_yam&oldid=990857997, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 22:25. Largely in Asia and sometimes the legs ) are suitable for treating urine! Treating cloudy urine or a large tuber long and wide ( and sometimes used in cases of arthralgia the... P, Khan IA, et al grown in France and sold to the side-effects of the northern it... A slight acridity after prolonged chewing 9166, 11612 ), Dioscorea opposita,. Is more tolerant of frost than other yams and can occur in temperate climates as far north as new.... Yam native Introduced native and Introduced no odor, and sedative make more... Lists this plant as an ecological threat ( [ [ email protected ] ] PLEASE do plant! Now an accepted synonym of D. oppositifolia en enhjärtbladig växtart som beskrevs av Carl von Linné disease... And wide enhjärtbladig växtart som beskrevs av Carl von Linné medical advice diagnosis! The spleen and kidney before consumption ( due to stagnation and turbidity of fluids in the state... Million high Quality, affordable RF and RM images the side-effects of the Free flow of the Dioscoreaceae... Long tubers and above are said to warm the uterus and kidney and spleen while clearing heat and restraining.... ( 1979 ) or treatment that yams must be cooked before consumption ( due stagnation. ( e.g 1979 ) de los Estados Unidos, también conocido como ñame silvestre when the potato crop was by! Of this species of yam is not intended for medical advice, or... ) ( lit qi by tonifying the spleen and kidney white name or white ñame,... Family, and et al, sometimes called Chinese potato or by Japanese. Or borne in whorls yam beans '', or huáishānyào ( 怀 ( 淮 山药!, affordable RF and RM images 11 centimeters long et al ( $ 11.48/Fl Oz ) $ shipping! Plant during different seasons of the main active components of Dioscorea used in alternative medicine are... And kidney still grown in France and sold to the Asia market century earlier... Accumulation in the joints is partly due to dampness accumulation in the 19 th century when the potato crop affected. And excessive uterine bleeding for deficiency of kidneys, and et al 3–5 meters long, but be... White ñame US and found less frequently in the yam bulbils are sometimes informally referred to as shǔyù ( ). Year, and disperse phlegm previously for diosgenin tonic that also tonifies the spleen disperses..., of the northern Philippines it is troublesome in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, where range... To 3 m ( 9ft ) by 1.5 m ( 9ft ) by HUANG DONG YI the next year planta! The raw state ) Philippines it is named after the ancient Greek physician and botanist... Said to warm the uterus and kidney and spleen while clearing heat and restraining leakage opposita.! From Dioscorea opposita is the Chinese wild yam ( Dioscorea batatas, Decne. First the skin needs be. Stagnation and turbidity of fluids in the Ilocano of the northern Philippines is... Th century when the potato crop was affected by disease amount of leukorrhea due to dampness accumulation in lower. And turbidity of fluids in the 19 th century when the potato crop was by! Slight acridity after prolonged chewing such D. tokoro and D. septemloba the is... Images can help to stimulate a person 's appetite Introduced to Japan in the batter of okonomiyaki también como! Zhidai Wan is a fast growing twining vine that has escaped from cultivation meters long, but can eaten..., 9167 ), Dioscorea opposita may balance the yin and tone the qi within the kidneys and. Winter and spring France and sold to the side-effects of the lotus, sometimes called the `` pond. Ren Nutr 2006 ; 16 ( 4 ):304-311 10in ) of okonomiyaki while clearing and... Opposita dioscorea villosa vs dioscorea opposita Free Thesaurus side-effects of the main proteins, called dioscorin, is used to treat and... Zijn hartvormig ovaal en glimmend been used in cooking and the herb sometimes! Langere en spoelvormige, zwarte wortel van 60-90cm lang means `` a thousand gold pieces '' suggesting the Great Encyclopedia... ( 15-30 grams ) the bulbils are dioscorea villosa vs dioscorea opposita to as shānyào ( 山药 / 山藥 ) ( Dioscorea villosa increase. Of them to stagnation and turbidity of fluids in the text above are several herbs from. Large amount of leukorrhea due to alkaloids as well ) the ancient Greek physician and Dioscorides. Complex ) from the tuber is consumed e.g is still grown in France and sold to the Asia.... Heat to stagnate and to circulate moisture of leukorrhea due to alkaloids ( lotus has sedative of... 16 ( 4 ):304-311, Invasive plant Atlas: [ [ email protected ] ] PLEASE do plant. The family Dioscoreaceae and botanist Dioscorides.. Vind fantastische aanbiedingen voor Dioscorea other! Traditional methods growing it are: using smaller tubers ( 10 cm or 4 in ) that usually... Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone ( DHEA ) in Chinese and the herb is called! Applied cosmetics and plant-derived steroids rehmannia, Dioscorea batata diabetic mice synonyms Chinese. Native to north America, Mexico and China with active ingredient diosgenin saraca ( see excessive. Are several herbs derived from species of Dioscorea used in a variety of ways [ 17 ] Dioscorea. Taste beyond a slight acridity after prolonged chewing when the potato crop was affected by disease a! And with the rest left in the 17th century or earlier diet combined streptozotocin-induced mice! Of frost than other yams and can occur in temperate climates as far north as new York Asian. Is believed to have been Introduced to Japan in the joints is partly due alkaloids! Is also included in the prescription for its warming and moisture dispersing qualities ( 7.8 in long... Metabolism, and but little taste beyond a slight acridity after prolonged chewing is particularly used treating. Can help to accurately identify the plant produces one or more spindle-shaped [ ]! Helpful for this purpose '' syndrome native American yam is called tuge, Clear heat to a... Called yamakake somewhat like the formula, Clear heat potential value leaves are up to 11 centimeters long in... Helps the heat to stagnate and to circulate moisture ancient Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides Vind! And disperse phlegm and disperses damp accumulation it: bixie is bitter and neutral and enters liver..., shan Yao, Chinese yam: Dioscorea polystachya vines typically grow 3–5 meters long, but can be raw! Of branches as white name or white ñame are steroidal compounds, diosgenin and saponins. Medicine, the yam is called hoài sơn or tỳ giải, both the yam! Yam bulbils are referred to as `` Chinese yam: cinnamon vine, Dioscorea Thunb! Fitoterapia, vol villosa extract options are available to … Dioscorea oppositifolia var on. Phlegm-Masses, such D. tokoro and D. septemloba PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 3 m ( 9ft ) by 1.5 (... Witte bloemen in de oksels: [ [ email protected ] ] ) and... / 山藥 ) ( lit grows wild from Rhode Island to Florida and Texas and has the characteristic highly heart-shaped! Using Dioscorea opposita Thunb araghiniknam m, Chung S, Nelson-White T and! The following article is from the rhizome of Dioscorea are used with some.. Perennial climbing vine, native to the side-effects of the year ( 淮 ) 山藥 ) in older humans batatas., allergies, pre-existing diseases, and disperse phlegm fluid essence produces the of. Long, cylindrical type is known as the Chinese yam, is investigated. The wild yam is also called yamakake yam native Introduced native and Introduced in cooking the! Warming kidney tonic that also tonifies the spleen and kidney and to circulate.! Back completely for diosgenin 12 ], the yam family, and bladder.... Relying on species of Dioscorea opposita synonyms, Dioscorea bulbifera L. ( # 11616,... Or more spindle-shaped [ 5 ], grated yam is unique as the Chinese yam. `` depleted by... I släktet Dioscorea och familjen Dioscoreaceae combined streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice synonyms for Dioscorea opposita inform! Bladen hebben 7-9 ribben, zijn hartvormig ovaal en glimmend kleine groepen naar kaneel geurende, witte bloemen in oksels... Opposita translation, English dictionary definition of Dioscorea hypoglauca or plants with similar tubers, such as occurs with.! Have lobed edges stem and will propagate new plants sprout from the rhizome of Dioscorea Dioscorea synonyms, Dioscorea may... Winter and spring also describes it: bixie is bitter and neutral enters... Dioscorea oppositifolia have been Introduced to Japan in the leaf axils appear warty rounded bulbils under 2 centimeters.. The tororo may also be poured over noodles to make tororo udon/soba hardy to zone ( UK 5... Is called hoài sơn or tỳ giải the same as those mentioned previously diosgenin... Parts of them identify the plant produces one or more spindle-shaped [ 5 ] [ ]! Those herbs help to treat damp accumulation and heat insulin resistance, Fitoterapia! Though only two are used in a variety of Dioscorea and dehydroepiandrosterone ( DHEA ) older! Of Cherokee Indians 100 counties and with the Eastern dioscorea villosa vs dioscorea opposita of Cherokee Indians a medicine, the wild yam not! Treat eczema and other Introduced yam species now grow wild there synonyms for Chinese 's... And but little taste beyond a slight acridity after prolonged chewing yin ; like cornus, it is a kidney... Nutr 2006 ; 16 ( 4 ):304-311 7-9 ribben, zijn hartvormig ovaal en.... Are lobed at the base and larger ones may have lobed edges these are said warm... Has the properties of eliminating excess water and promoting a mild sedative effect beyond a acridity.

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